7 Arizona Towns People Are Fleeing As Soon As Possible

Arizona, known for its stunning desert landscapes, year-round sunshine, and rapid growth, has become a popular destination for people across the country. However, not all towns within the state are sharing in this prosperity. Several Arizona towns are experiencing population declines and an exodus of residents. This article explores seven such towns and the factors contributing to why people are leaving.

1. Coolidge, Arizona

Coolidge, a small town in Pinal County, has seen its population ebb in recent years. Once a thriving agricultural center, Coolidge has faced economic hardships as the farming industry has shifted. The closure of factories and businesses has resulted in high unemployment rates and limited job prospects. Additionally, Coolidge struggles with a lack of amenities and infrastructure that appeal to modern lifestyles.

2. Eloy, Arizona

Located between Phoenix and Tucson, Eloy was once a bustling transportation hub. However, changes in the railroad industry have diminished Eloy’s economic significance. The town contends with a high poverty rate and limited employment opportunities. Residents cite concerns about crime and a lack of community resources as reasons for leaving.

3. Hayden, Arizona

Hayden, a copper mining town in Gila County, has had its fortunes closely tied to the volatile mining industry. The fluctuations in copper prices and occasional mine closures have created economic instability for Hayden’s residents. Job security remains a critical issue, leading to out-migration as people seek more reliable employment elsewhere.

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4. Kearny, Arizona

Similar to Hayden, Kearny is another Arizona mining town facing population decline. Located just south of Hayden in Pinal County, Kearny relies on its copper mine for economic sustenance. The challenges of workforce retention in a cyclical industry, coupled with a limited range of local amenities, make it difficult for the town to attract and retain residents.

5. Mammoth, Arizona

Mammoth, a tiny town in Pinal County, is witnessing a significant population drop. With dwindling employment options and minimal services like healthcare and education, many residents opt to relocate to larger towns or cities in search of better opportunities.

6. Miami, Arizona

Despite its name, Miami, Arizona, a copper mining town nestled in Gila County, shares little resemblance to its vibrant Floridian counterpart. Like other mining communities, Miami faces job insecurity tied to the fluctuating copper market. Residents desiring a wider range of economic options and a more dynamic community often choose to leave.

7. Superior, Arizona

Superior, a mining town in Pinal County, struggles with the boom-and-bust cycle of the mining industry. When copper prices are low, layoffs are common, leading to economic hardship for the town’s residents. The lack of diverse job opportunities outside the mining sector contributes to out-migration as people seek more stable employment.

Counter-Trends: Which Arizona Towns Are Growing?

While some towns in Arizona are losing residents, others are rapidly expanding. Cities like Phoenix, Scottsdale, Mesa, and Tucson continue to attract new residents drawn to their expanding job markets, urban amenities, and cultural attractions. Smaller towns like Queen Creek, Buckeye, and Maricopa are also seeing population booms due to their affordability and proximity to larger cities.

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The Bigger Picture: Arizona’s Future

The population shifts occurring in Arizona highlight a broader trend—an increasing divide between thriving metropolitan areas and struggling smaller towns. This pattern mirrors what is happening across the United States, as economic opportunities become increasingly concentrated in urban centers.

Experts in urban planning and economic development express concerns about this trend. They suggest the need for policies supporting smaller towns that focus on:

  • Economic Diversification: Reducing reliance on a single industry (like mining) by attracting a broader range of businesses.
  • Infrastructure Upgrade: Investment in modern infrastructure (roads, broadband internet) to enhance quality of life and business appeal.
  • Education and Workforce Development: Programs to equip local residents with skills suited to in-demand jobs.


The stories of these seven Arizona towns highlight the complex challenges faced by smaller communities in the face of economic shifts and evolving demographics. While some towns are experiencing a decline, others are thriving, indicating a dynamic and ever-changing landscape.

Arizona’s future depends on addressing the disparities between its urban and less populated areas. Strategic investments and policies aimed at revitalizing smaller towns can help create a more balanced and sustainable future for the entire state.


  • U.S. Census Bureau: Provides detailed population data for Arizona towns and cities. https://www.census.gov/
  • Arizona Department of Commerce: Offers economic statistics and analysis relevant to Arizona. https://www.azcommerce.com/
  • Local news outlets: Reports from local news sources in the identified towns provide valuable on-the-ground perspectives and may include resident testimonials.
  • Academic Studies and Reports: Look for studies on topics like rural development, economic shifts in resource-dependent towns, and changing demographics within Arizona.
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